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Family Name: Cucurbitaceae
Genus Name: Cucumis
Species Name: callosus
Feature: Images highlighting the identifying characteristics of different Cucumis species
Diagnostic features:
Perennial creeping herb, with woody rootstock. Stem repent. Leaves deeply 5-7 lobed. Male flower 1.5 x 1.6 cm, solitary, sulphur yellow. Female flower 2-2.5 x 1.8 cm, solitary, yellow, ovary densely soft hairy; hairs antrorse. Fruit 3-4 x 2. 5-3 cm, indehiscent, ovate to globose, green with ten white continuous longitudinal stripes, green and hairy in young turns yellow and glabrous at maturity, bitter, inedible. Seed 0.6 x 0.3 x 0.5 cm, elliptic to obovate, beaked, funicle persistant, grey-white.

Flowering and fruiting:
Germination with North Eastern monsoon (Deccan Plateau). Flowering and fruiting starts by October and fruit ripening occurs in December to January.

South East Asia, Africa, Australia. India: Occasional in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka (Deccan), Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Gujarat.

Field notes:
Plants frequent growing in arid to semi-arid regions in the borders of cultivated fields and as weed among crop fields. Sometimes seen amongst grass lands.

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